The sacroiliac joint (SI Joint) is the joint forms between the bones of the pelvis and the base of the spine (sacrum). This joint is holds together the spine and the pelvis by a collection of strong ligaments. There is very little movement that is to occur within this joint. When excess stress is placed on this joint, it can lead to an inflammation process and cause pain in the area.
Signs and Symptoms of SI Joint Pain:
The most common complaint of SI Joint dysfunction is pain. Usually indicating the pain to be located either across the lower back or into the buttocks. Occassionally groin and thigh pain is indicated. Pain is worse with walking and standing and will ease with lying down and resting.
Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction:
SI joing dysfunction can be caused by an alteration of normal walking patterns. Most commonly seen in pregnant women because of the relaxation of the SI ligaments in preparation for childbirth.
A leg length discrepancy where one leg is longer than the other can put increased pressure on one side of the SI joint and begin an inflammatory process.
Degeneration of the cartilage that is ment to act as a shock absorber between the pelivis and the base of the spine may cause and irritation and also begin an inflammatory condition.
Treatment of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction:
A physiotherapist will determine the best course of treatment for this condition. Modalities may be used to bring down inflammation, exercise to strengthen areas around the joint to take some stress off the joint, massage therapy to promote healing and relax surrounding muscularture may be recommended.